An appearance on Dr. Kiki’s Science Hour
An appearance on Breaking Bio
Slipper lobster digging
Sand crab digging
Parasites in shrimp nervous system
I’ve put together a page of undergraduate research opportunities.
This video was done as part of the #SciFund Challenge.
I’m interested in the evolution of behaviour and nervous systems, particularly the origin of new behaviours. I work mostly with decapod crustaceans, with a particular emphasis on the unusual crayfish Marmorkrebs (also known as marbled crayfish).
What’s on this page
Academic email:Department of Biology
The University of Texas-Pan American
1201 W. University Drive
Edinburg, TX 78539
Office: Science (SCNE) 2.364
indicates Open Access papers.
Faulkes Z. A bomb set to drop: parthenogenetic Marmorkrebs for sale in Ireland, a European location without non-indigenous crayfish. Management of Biological Invasions: in press.
Kawai T, Faulkes Z, Scholz G (eds.). Freshwater Crayfish: A Global Overview. CRC Press: Boca Raton. In press. http://www.crcpress.com/product/isbn/9781466586390
Carreon N, Faulkes Z. 2014. Position of larval tapeworms, Polypocephalus sp., in the ganglia of shrimp, Litopenaeus setiferus. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54(2): 143-148. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu043
Faulkes Z. 2014. A new southern record for a sand crab, Lepidopa websteri Benedict, 1903 (Decapoda, Albuneidae). Crustaceana: 87(7): 881-885. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15685403-00003326
Weinersmith KL, Faulkes Z. 2014. Parasitic manipulation of host phenotype, or how to make a zombie - an introduction to the symposium. Integrative and Comparative Biology 54(2): 93-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu028
Faulkes Z. 2013. How much is that crayfish in the window? Online monitoring of Marmorkrebs, Procambarus fallax f. virginalis (Hagen, 1870) in the North American pet trade. Freshwater Crayfish 19(1): 39-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.5869/fc.2013.v19.039
Murph JH, Faulkes Z. 2013. Abundance and size of sand crabs, Lepidopa benedicti (Decapoda: Albuneidae), in South Texas. The Southwestern Naturalist 58(4): 431-434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1894/0038-4909-58.4.431
Faulkes Z. 2012. Morphological adaptations for digging and burrowing. In: Watling L, Thiel M (eds.), The Natural History of Crustacea, Volume 1: Functional Morphology and Diversity, pp. 276-295. Oxford University Press: Oxford.
Faulkes Z. 2012. Presentation Tips (ebook). Kindle Direct Publishing. http://www.amazon.com/dp/B008DKI1ZU
Carreon N, Faulkes Z, Fredensborg BL. 2011. Polypocephalus sp. infects the nervous system and increases activity of commercially harvested white shrimp (Litopenaeus setiferus). Journal of Parasitology 97(5): 755-759. http://dx.doi.org/10.1645/GE-2749.1
Espinoza SY, Faulkes Z. 2011. Escaping while defenseless or blind: effects of sensory input on tailflipping in crayfish, Procambarus clarkii (Girard, 1852). Freshwater Crayfish 18(1): 13-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.5869/fc.2011.v18.13
Faulkes Z. 2011. The decade the clones came. In: Goldman J (ed.), Zivkovic B (series ed.), The Open Laboratory: The Best of Science Writing on the Web 2010, pp. 151-156. Coturnix: Chapel Hill.
Feria TP, Faulkes Z. 2011. Forecasting the distribution of Marmorkrebs, a parthenogenetic crayfish with high invasive potential, in Madagascar, Europe, and North America. Aquatic Invasions 6(1): 55-67.
Jimenez SA, Faulkes Z. 2011. Can the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish Marmorkrebs compete with other crayfish species in fights? Journal of Ethology 29(1): 115-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10164-010-0232-2
Faulkes Z. 2010. The decade the clones came: Beware the mighty Marmorkrebs! In: Zivcovic B (ed.), Scientific American Guest Blog. 29 November 2010.
Faulkes Z. 2010. The spread of the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish, Marmorkrebs (Procambarus sp.), in the North American pet trade. Aquatic Invasions 5(4): 447-450.
Supplements: Google Map and Google Spreadsheet of data in Figure 1.
Faulkes Z. 2010. Taking a cue from the silver screen. Science 327: 523. [Letter responding to: Alberts B. 2010. Promoting scientific standards. Science 327: 12. 10.1126/science.1185983] http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.327.5965.523-a
Faulkes Z. 2010. I want to be Carl Sagan, but can’t. In: Scicurious (ed.), Zivkovic B (series ed.), The Open Laboratory: The Best in Science Writing On Blogs 2009, pp. 45-46. Coturnix: Chapel Hill.
Jimenez SA, Faulkes Z. 2010. Establishment and care of a laboratory colony of parthenogenetic marbled crayfish, Marmorkrebs. Invertebrate Rearing 1(1): 10-18.
Faulkes Z. 2009. How Marmorkrebs can make the world a better place. In: Rohn J (ed.), Grant RP (deputy ed.), Zivkovic B (series ed.), The Open Laboratory: The Best In Science Writing On Blogs 2008, pp. 86-87. Coturnix: Chapel Hill.
Flores AR, Faulkes Z. 2008. Texture preferences of ascidian tadpole larvae during settlement. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 41(3): 155-159. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10236240802360914
Faulkes Z. 2006. Digging mechanisms and substrate preferences of shovel nosed lobsters, Ibacus peronii (Decapoda: Scyllaridae). Journal of Crustacean Biology 26(1): 69-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1651/C-2628.1
Supplement: Video of digging behaviour.
Lambert G, Faulkes Z, Lambert CC, Scofield VL. 2005. Ascidians of South Padre Island, Texas, with a key to species. The Texas Journal of Science 57(3): 251-262.
Faulkes Z. 2004. Loss of escape responses and giant neurons in the tailflipping circuits of slipper lobsters, Ibacus spp. (Decapoda, Palinura, Scyllaridae). Arthropod Structure & Development 33(2): 113-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asd.2003.12.003
Faulkes Z, Macmillan DL. 2002. Effects of removal of muscle receptor organ input on the temporal structure of non-giant swimming cycles in the crayfish, Cherax destructor. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology: 35(3): 149-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1023624021000014734
Paul DH, Faulkes Z, Antonsen BL. 2002. Synergies between disparate motor systems: loci for behavioral evolution. In: Crustacean Experimental Systems in Neurobiology (K Wiese, ed.), pp. 263-282. Springer Verlag: Heidelberg. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-56092-7_15
Faulkes Z, Pollack GS. 2001. Mechanisms of frequency-specific responses of omega neuron 1 in crickets (Teleogryllus oceanicus): a polysynaptic pathway for song? The Journal of Experimental Biology 204(7): 1295-1305.
Patullo BP, Faulkes Z, Macmillan DL. 2001. Muscle receptor organs do not mediate load compensation during body roll and defense response extensions in the crayfish Cherax destructor. The Journal of Experimental Zoology 290(7): 783-790. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jez.1129
Faulkes Z, Pollack GS. 2000. The effects of inhibitory timing on contrast enhancement in auditory circuits in crickets (Teleogryllus oceanicus). Journal of Neurophysiology 84(3): 1247-1255.
Pollack G, Faulkes Z. 1998. Representation of behaviorally relevant sound frequencies by auditory receptors in the cricket Teleogryllus oceanicus. The Journal of Experimental Biology 201(1): 155-163.
Faulkes Z, Paul DH. 1997. A map of the distal leg motor neurons in the thoracic ganglia of four decapod crustacean species. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 49(3): 162-178. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000112990
Faulkes Z, Paul DH. 1997. Coordination between the legs and tail during digging and swimming in sand crabs. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 180(2): 161-169. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003590050037
Faulkes Z, Paul DH. 1997. Digging in sand crabs (Decapoda, Anomura, Hippoidea): interleg coordination. The Journal of Experimental Biology 200(4): 793-805.
Faulkes Z. 1997. Is intelligence inevitable? In: The UFO Invasion: The Roswell Incident, Alien Abductions, and Government Cover-Ups (eds. K. Frazier, B. Karr, J. Nickell), pp. 303-312. Prometheus Books (US website | UK website): Amherst.
Faulkes Z, Paul DH. 1992. Connecting invertebrate behavior, physiology and evolution with Eshkol-Wachman movement notation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15(2): 276-277.
Faulkes Z. 1991. Getting smart about getting smarts. The Skeptical Inquirer 15(3): 263-268.
Non peer-reviewed papers
Puri S, Faulkes Z. 2014. Thermal nociception in Louisiana red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Integrative & Comparative Biology 54(suppl 1): e334. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu009
Faulkes Z. 2014. First, do no harm: Challenges to controlling another organism's nervous system. Integrative & Comparative Biology 54(suppl 1): e62. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu008
Joseph M, Faulkes Z. 2014. Nematode worms infect, but do not manipulate, sand crabs (Lepidopa benedicti). Integrative & Comparative Biology 54(suppl 1): e105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/icu008
Puri S, Faulkes Z. 2012. Crayfish avoid noxious high, but not low, temperatures. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience: 00416. http://www.frontiersin.org/10.3389/conf.fnbeh.2012.27.00416/event_abstract
Faulkes Z, Feria TP. 2012. Size differences in sand crabs living in the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Poster PS 109-238 at 97th Ecological Society of America meeting, 5-10 August 2011, Portland, Oregon USA. http://eco.confex.com/eco/2012/webprogrampreliminary/Paper39609.html
Faulkes Z, Feria TP. 2011. Risk assessment of a mysterious invader: Marbled crayfish in Japan. Presentation given at 96th Ecological Society of America meeting, 7-12 August 2011, Austin, Texas. http://eco.confex.com/eco/2011/webprogram/Paper29937.html
Jimenez SA, Faulkes Z. 2009. Assessing threat of introduction of the parthenogenetic marbled crayfish Marmorkrebs into North American waters. Poster #20891 presented at the 94th Ecology Society of America annual meeting, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2-7 August 2009. http://eco.confex.com/eco/2009/techprogram/P20891.HTM
Jimenez S, Faulkes Z. 2009. Establishment of a research colony of Marmorkrebs, a parthenogenetic crayfish species. Integrative and Comparative Biology 49(Supplement 1): e249.
Puri S, Faulkes Z. 2009. Do crayfish like spicy foods? and other tests of crustacean nociception. Integrative and Comparative Biology 49(Supplement 1): e139.
Faulkes Z. 2007. Motor neurons involved in escape responses in white shrimp, Litopenaeus setiferus. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47(Supplement 1): e178.
Espinoza SY, Faulkes Z. 2007. Compromised weaponry enhances crayfish tailflipping. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47(Supplement 1): e176.
Faulkes Z, Varghese N. 2004. No escape: loss of escape-related giant neurons in spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus). Program No. 89.4. 2004 Abstract Viewer / Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2004.
Faulkes Z. 2001. Parallelism in digging behaviour in two distantly related decapod crustaceans. American Zoologist 41(6): 1642.
Faulkes Z, Macmillan DL. 2000. Losing speed to gain control? The influence of muscle receptor organs on tailflipping in crayfish (Cherax destructor). Proceedings of the Australian Physiological and Pharmacological Society 31(2): 44P.
Faulkes Z, Pollack G. 1997. Sound frequency specific responses of cricket omega neuron. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 23(2): 1570.
Faulkes Z, Paul DH. 1995. Sand crab digging: an evolutionary mosaic of disparate ancestral locomotor modules? In: Burrows M, Matheson T, Newland PL, Schuppe H (eds.), Nervous Systems and Behaviour. Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress of Neuroethology, pp. 483. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag.
Faulkes Z, Paul DH, Pellis SM. 1991. Digging by the sand crab Blepharipoda occidentalis. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 17(2): 1245.
Faulkes Z. 2012. Ibacus leg motor neurons Figure 3. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.95656 (Published 6 September 2012; retrieved 03:19, Sep 06, 2012 GMT. Figure.)
Faulkes Z. 2012. Ibacus leg motor neurons Figure 4. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.95655 (Published 6 September 2012; retrieved 03:21, Sep 06, 2012 GMT. Figure.).
Faulkes Z. 2012. #SciFund Round 2 success and social media. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.92541 (Dataset.)
Open Science Foundation, Byrnes J, Faulkes Z, Ranganathan J, Open Science. 2012. SciFund success and social media. Figshare. http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.90818 (Dataset.)
Faulkes Z. 2009. Crustacean connectomes. (Response to Lu J, Tapia JC, White OL, Lichtman JW. 2009. The interscutularis muscle connectome. PLoS Biology 7(2): e32.
Faulkes Z. 1994. [Review of Anatomy of a Controversy: The Question of a “Language” Among Bees by Adrian M. Wenner & Patrick H. Wells, Columbia University Press.] Animal Behaviour 47(5): 1241-1242.
Faulkes Z. 1993. Who watches the watchmen? Our animals and ourselves. [Review of The Inevitable Bond by H. Davis & A.D. Balfour (Eds.), Cambridge University Press.] PSYCOLOQUY 4(40): human-animal-bond.4.faulkes. [Click here for text | Click here for response from Davis & Balfour]
My academic heritage can be seen at the NeuronTree website.
I regularly teach General Biology (BIOL1401), Biological Writing (BIOL3302), Neurobiology (BIOL3310) and Evolutionary Theory (BIOL 6324). I maintain class websites for my UTPA classes here (password protected, for student use).
I was the first graduate student at UVic to defend my dissertation using videoconferencing. Consequently, my Ph.D. defense went down as the first in UVic history to be interrupted by a French janitor... who was in France at the time.
I did some lettering for Time City, an independent comic book, in 1992. I lettered Time City #5, and a back-up feature in #4. The creator of that book, Adrie van Viersen, relaunched the series with a new title: Technopolis (published by Caliber Comics).
I was an extra in Eastern Condors (1986, Boho Films), a Hong Kong film directed by Sammo Hung. No, I didn’t get to go to Hong Kong. They were doing location filming in an old jailhouse in Lethbridge. Alas, pretty much all the footage shot during the days I worked on the film wound up on the cutting room floor. It was described on the set as “a kung fu comedy version of The Dirty Dozen,” but Eastern Condors wound up being more than that. It’s widely considered to be a classic of its genre.